第1-3起对 DHS ICE 诉讼:Harvard MIT、加州、JHU

所以目前一共有三起诉讼。前两起都是基于违反行政程序法APA,JHU在APA的基础上增加了违宪

  1. Harvard MIT
    位置:District of Massachusetts,上诉法庭是1st Circuit
    理由1: 违反APA,Arbitrary And Capricious
    理由2: 违反APA,Arbitrary And Capricious(和上一条条款一样,论证的技术细节有区别)
    理由3: 违反APA,未经Notice-And-Comment
    进度:7/8起诉,目前等7/13 DHS答复、7/14原告答复DHS的答复,下次 Hearing 7/14 3pm

  2. 加州
    位置:Northern District of California,上诉法庭是9th Circuit
    理由1:违反APA,Arbitrary And Capricious
    理由2:违反APA,未经法定程序(Notice-And-Comment)
    进度:7/9起诉,目前刚发传票

  3. JHU
    位置:District of Columbia,上诉法庭是DC Circuit
    理由1:违反APA,Arbitrary And Capricious
    理由2:违反APA,Directive本身不合法
    理由3:违反APA,未经法定程序(Notice-And-Comment)
    理由4:违反第五修正案,违反Due Process
    理由5:违反第一修正案,强迫集会、侵占学术自由
    进度:7/10刚刚起诉



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7月11日更新进展:
诉讼1 Harvard MIT:THE PRESIDENTS’ ALLIANCE ON HIGHER EDUCATION AND IMMIGRATION代表180所大学提交了Amicus Brief,支持原告申请TRO

本帖发布后7月10日又新增3起诉讼,见 第4-6起对 DHS ICE 诉讼:加州大学、中国留学生等、华盛顿州

@physixfan 主贴编辑次数是有限制么……

似乎是有时间限制 跟账户等级也有关 过一段时间就不让继续编辑了

再次感谢楼主!

7月12日更新进展,诉讼1 Harvard MIT:

59所大学提交了第二份Amicus Brief,支持原告申请Preliminary Injunction。

这篇Amicus Brief从四个角度论证了Arbitrary and Capricious:
A. 未考虑学校学生对之前政策(3月允许网课的Guidance)的依赖(这里引用了上个月最高法院判DHS不能随随便便取消DACA的那个案件);
B. 未考虑给学校学生带来的两难处境;
C. 未考虑学校在合规上的困难(要重发所有I20);
D. 未提供制定政策的理由和解释。

因为对全国都有影响,这篇Amicus Brief请求Preliminary Injunction对全国生效。

这59所学校是:
American University
Amherst College
Arizona State University
Barnard College
Boston University
Bowdoin College
Brandeis University
Brown University
Bucknell University
California Institute of Technology
Carnegie Mellon University
Case Western Reserve University
Colby College
Columbia University
Cornell University
Dartmouth College
DePaul University
Duke University
Emory University
Franklin & Marshall College
George Washington University
Georgetown University
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
Indiana University
Johns Hopkins University
Michigan State University
Middlebury College
Muhlenberg College
Northeastern University
Northwestern University
Pennsylvania State University
Princeton University
Purdue University
Rice University
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Smith College
Stanford University
Suffolk University
Swarthmore College
Syracuse University
Trinity College
Tufts University
Tulane University
Union College
University of Chicago
University of Illinois
University of Michigan
University of Minnesota
University of Nebraska
University of Notre Dame
University of Pennsylvania
University of Southern California
Vanderbilt University
Washington University
Wellesley College
Wesleyan University
Williams College
Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Yale University

7月13日更新进展

Harvard v DHS

Amicus Brief

继10日Presidents’ Alliance on Higher Education and Immigration代表180校、12日包括所有藤校的59校之后,13日截止时间前又有了更多的Amicus Brief:

  • Princeton Theological Semniary
  • 波士顿等26个地方政府:Los Angeles, Boston, Albany NY, Albuquerque NM, Alexandria VA, Austin TX, Berkeley CA, Cambridge MA, Cameron TX, Chicago IL, Columbus OH, Cook County IL, Dayton OH, Durham NH, Hartford CT, Iowa City IA, Las Cruces NM, New York NY, Oakland CA, Pittsburgh PA, Sacramento CA, Saint Paul MN, Seattle WA, County of Santa Clara CA, Amherst MA, Somerville MA
  • American Council on Education
  • Foundation for Individual Rights in Education
  • 各大公司:Adobe Systems, Inc., BSA | The Software Alliance, Boston Consulting Group, Box, Inc., Dropbox, Inc., Facebook, Inc., GitHub, Inc., Google LLC, Information Technology Industry Council, Internet Association, LinkedIn Corp., Microsoft Corp., PayPal Holdings, Inc., Society for Human Resource Management, Spotify USA Inc., TechNet, The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, Twitter, Inc., salesforce, inc.
  • University of Pittsburgh
  • 工会:American Federation of Teachers, Communications Workers of America, International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, Service Employees International Union
  • 学生会 Student Governments of Higher Education Institutions:Baylor University Graduate Student Association, California Institute of Technology Graduate Student Council, Carnegie Mellon University Graduate Student Assembly, City University of New York University Student Senate, Columbia University Arts and Sciences Graduate Council, Duke University Graduate and Professional Student Council, Georgetown University Graduate Student Government, Harvard University Undergraduate and Graduate Councils, Louisiana State University Graduate Students’ Council, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Undergraduate Association and Graduate Student Council, New York University Student Government Assembly, University of Chicago Graduate Council, University of Hawai’i at Manoa Graduate Student Organization, University of Michigan Rackham Student Government, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Graduate and Professional Student Federation, and Yale University Graduate and Professional Student Senate
  • 美国物理学会 American Physical Society
  • 美国华人联合会 United Chinese Americans, Inc
  • Cabrillo College, Glendale Community College, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Manhattan School of Music, New York University, Rider University, San Diego Community College, Santa Rosa Junior College, The Art Center College of Design, The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science & Art, The South Orange County Community College District, The Southern California Institute of Architecture, The the Coast Community College District, University of Rochester

证词

继Harvard MIT校方提交的证词之后,又有一些学生提交了证词

  • 学生1: 白俄罗斯留学生,Harvard二年级,在明斯克机场被拒绝登机
  • 学生2: 黎巴嫩留学生,MIT engineering研究生,正与NASA合作,若回黎巴嫩会缺电缺网
  • 学生3: 印控克什米尔留学生,Harvard法学院升二年级,若回克什米尔会受到印度网络管制
  • 学生4: 埃塞俄比亚留学生,Harvard医学院MD/Phd升二年级,埃塞因为社会运动正在断网
  • 学生5: 巴西留学生,MIT研究生,若回国网络较差、家人体弱怕得病、会损失房租、会与伴侣分离
  • 学生6: 澳大利亚留学生,Harvard PhD,有美宝,若回国会与家人分离、科研教学会受影响
  • 学生7: 匈牙利留学生,MIT PhD,女同性恋、若回国会受歧视,有精神疾病、需要美国医保和治疗
  • 学生8: 南非留学生,MIT研究生,已回南非想回美国,南非电、网不稳定,上周刚被持枪入室抢劫

ICE反对TRO/Preliminary Injunction的答复

  • 不同意诉状中的理由
    • 不同意理由1,已经考虑了对学校的影响,没有完全撤销3月指令,所以不arbitrary or capricious
    • 不同意理由2,已经提供了制定的理由,所以不arbitrary or capricious,原告同不同意不重要
    • 不同意理由3,7/6指令不是一个rule,所以不需要notice and comment
  • 不同意原告将受到不可挽回的伤害:没有逼学校开学,学生不需要在美国也能上网课,在不在美国不影响教学质量 (没有回答网不好怎么办)
  • 原告不能代表学生,没有standing
    (评论:这答复是赶ddl写出来的吧,字体都是乱的)

State of California v. DHS

因为在同一个法庭起诉了同样的事情,加州大学请求将他们的Regents v. DHS与此案关联

Johns Hopkins University v. DHS

7月13日申请了Temporary Restraining Order和Preliminary Injunction

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可不可以帮我改一下标题啊?《第1-3起对 DHS ICE 诉讼:Harvard MIT、加州、JHU》这样比较方便检索

改好了 多谢整理~

7月14日更新进展

Harvard v. DHS

众所周知,今天联邦政府撤回了7/6指令。

上午 原告对被告答复的回应

昨天联邦政府急匆匆提交了答复,今天原告比ddl提前一个小时提交了对答复的回应。摘一段气势上直接压过联邦政府的:The government’s opposition does not engage with Plaintiffs’ primary arguments or authorities and, indeed, relies on propositions that the Supreme Court has repeatedly rejected, including as recently as last month’s decision in DHS. v. Regents —a decision the government, remarkably, does not even cite.

下午 听证会

听证会在美东时间3点进行,据记者称有超过500人在zoom上旁听,包括哈佛校长。法官获知联邦政府决定撤回指令后确认如下:The government has agreed to rescind the July 6, 2020, policy directive and the Frequently Asked Questions, the FAQs that were released the next day, on July 7. They’ve also agreed to rescind any implementation of the directive. They will return to the status quo as established by the March 9, 2020, policy directive, and the addendum issued on March 13, 2020. 因此诉求已moot,休庭。

California v. DHS, Regents v. DHS

法庭命令被告在7月16日前提交答复、原告在7月20日前提交对答复的回应、7月24日10:00开庭。联邦政府决定撤回指令后,双方同意撤回TRO/PI申请,视实施状况在7月21日再向法庭报告。

JHU v. DHS

7月13日

  • 向司法部长发出传票
  • 一份Amicus Brief,包括Harvard、MIT在内共60校
  • 设定7/14 4pm答复截止,7/15 11:30am开庭

7月14日

  • 联邦政府在截止前1小时提交了反对TRO/PI的答复
  • 8:27pm,考虑到政府已在Harvard案中撤回的决定,双方告知法庭可以取消7月15日的开庭
  • 9:30pm,法官取消了开庭并将TRO/PI申请denied as moot

7月26日更新进展

California v. DHS, Regents v. DHS

7月21日原告加州向法庭提交了Status Report,确认被告DHS已从ICE网站上移除了7/6、7/7政策并更新了FAQ,但除此以外没有发出撤销7/6、7/7政策的正式通知;ICE网站上依然贴着执行7/6、7/7政策的新闻稿;国务院外交手册上依然有7/6、7/7政策的内容。

双方将继续沟通,在8月4日前提交新的Status Report。